How to simulate RFIC inductors, as 1-port or 2-port EM models? Why do we get different results for the Q factor, and which is right?

When EM simulating on-chip inductors, it is not obvious which port configuration is “best”. Depending on the port configuration, the extracted inductor properties can be very different. In this document, we will review the different configurations, and find out what is most suited for parameter extraction and modelling.

Inductor EM simulation: 1-port or 2-port?